Are Science And Religion One? Are Science and Religion One? Introduction I have identified the axiom of mysticism (TAM) as the scientific, religious and philosophical fact that there is only one thing that exists. Because the meaning of mysticism is commonly misunderstood this definition needs some clarification. The dictionary defines mysticism as a personal relationship with God. Given this definition it is easy to see why I have named the theory that, everything existent and non-existent is God, as the axiom of mysticism. If the theory is correct then a personal relationship with God is mandatory because God is all that can be experienced.
After being confronted with TAM for the first time my fundamentalist Christian friend said, somewhat flustered, But what are the consequences? The consequences are profound indeed. The reality of the unified God infuses us at all levels of our existence. Scientists talk about Grand Unified Theories (GUTs). These theories are possible models for the behavior of matter when subjected to the stupendous energies prevalent at the beginning of time. All of these theories predict that the structure of matter becomes less diverse at earlier epochs until at some particular temperature there is only one thing that exists. This prediction completely agrees with TAM ushering in the era of the Grand Unified Philosophy (GUPY).
The scientific aspect of TAM is of particular importance because it relates the experimentally verifiable mathematical laws of physical science to many aspects of traditional religion that were previously supported by intuition and faith alone. Some of these areas include the existence and unity of God, moral law, immortality, the power of prayer and the infinite aspects of Divinity. Some traditional religious doctrine cannot survive this marriage of scientific and spiritual ideas. The unifying vision of God revealed by the equations of modern scientific cosmology sanctifies the entire universe. The vision of modern physics directly links the origin of creation to the unified singularity at the beginning of time.
I argue that this unified proto-cosmos, predicted by the equations, is the physical aspect of God known and described by the prophets of all monotheistic religions. No particular religion can any longer justly claim exclusive rights to God’s all pervasive spirit. In addition the common Judeo-Christian doctrine of separation, which sees the Creator as totally separated from His creation, must be abandoned in light of these new scientific discoveries. This vision of a God unified with the cosmos is the most fundamental spiritual doctrine of all. It is the base truth from which we build a satisfying and realistic working philosophy.
Moses adamantly exhorts us on this subject: Deu 6:1 Now this is the commandment, the statutes and the judgments which the LORD your God has commanded me to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you are going over to possess it, Deu 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The uncreated Jehovah and the created Elohiym are one God. Deu 6:5 Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. Deu 6:6 These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Deu 6:7 Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up.
Deu 6:8 Let all the work of your hands be in accordance with them and bind them in your mind. Deu 6:9 Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates. Jesus confirmed TAM as the most fundamental spiritual doctrine when he agreed with Moses as recorded in Mark 12:2812:31: Mark 12:28 One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, Of all the commandments, which is the most important? Mark 12:29 The most important one, answered Jesus, is this: ‘Hear, O Israel, the uncreated Jehovah and created Elohyim are one God. Mark 12:30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ Mark 12:31 The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no commandment greater than these. No other biblical scripture is emphasized in this manner.
The Hebrews recognize the importance of these passages by giving them a special name; the Schema. The extreme emphasis placed on these scriptures by the founders of the Judeo-Christian religion make them akin to the importance of the definition of real numbers to the entire edifice of mathematics. All other mathematical concepts and theories are based on the structure of the real numbers just as all other aspects of the Judeo-Christian religion are built upon the base definition of the Schema. This unprecedented scriptural evidence for the supreme importance of the Schema in the Judeo-Christian spiritual tradition leaves the scholar and the believer alike with no other choice but to examine all of the consequences of this singular idea. Moses eloquently expresses this need in Deut 6:8, bind them in your minds.
by which he means think about them constantly. The seeker must ask why this is the most important idea of Judeo-Christian theology and what are the moral, philosophical, practical and theological implications. The importance of TAM is not confined to just the Judeo-Christian tradition. This idea is also the deepest teaching of the most important eastern religions. The Tao of Taoism, the void of Buddhism, the Allah of Isam and the Brahma and Atman of Hinduism are all expressions of this unified God permeating the entire Cosmos.
Since both the search for God and the search for scientific knowledge are pursuits of truth, a rational mystic must constantly examine all old beliefs in light of new information. In this way religion can utilize the knowledge of science as a guide to understanding the nature of God. There is no longer a case of two different competing cosmologies rather science is a modern tool of true religion. The Scientific Aspect of TAM Let us review the scientific aspect of TAM so that we can properly understand how it supports many fundamental traditional religious doctrines. It is the predictions of the so-called Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) that lead to these profound religious implications.
GUTs are based on the amalgamation of the two most successful modern scientific theories, general relativity and quantum mechanics. The theory of general relativity is a theory of the large-scale structure of the universe. It describes the mathematical relationship between matter, space, time and gravity. Shortly after the publication of the theory in 1915 a Russian mathematician named Alexander Fiedmann realized that the theory predicted a dynamic universe which must be either expanding or contracting. Soon thereafter the expansion of the universe was confirmed by observation.
As a consequence of this dynamic behavior the volume of the universe must decrease during earlier epochs. As the time parameter of the equations of relativity are turned further and further back to zero several interesting phenomenon important to religion and philosophy occur. The volume of space is reduced to zero, the temperature and density of matter increase without limit and the concept of time no longer has any meaning. Here is how Stephen Hawking describes this prediction in his book A Brief History of Time : All of the Friedmann solutions have the feature that at some time in the past (between ten and twenty thousand million years ago) the distance between neighboring galaxies must have been zero. At that time, which we call the big bang, the density of the universe and the curvature of space-time would have been infinite. This overwhelming state of matter and space at the beginning of time displays many traditional divine characteristics including creativity, formlessness, infinities and timelessness.
It is, perhaps, the quantum mechanical aspect of the GUTs that supplies the most profound link between the state of creation at the beginning of time as predicted by physics to the traditional God of religion. Quantum mechanics is a theory of the extremely small building blocks of matter. According to the theory, as the temperature of matter increases the number of fundamental forces and their corresponding particles decrease. First the electro-magnetic and weak nuclear forces merge. Next this electro-weak force combines with the strong nuclear force and finally the amalgamated electro-weak-strong force is merged with gravity. At each stage of unification the number of classes of fundamental particles decrease until at the grand unified temperature there is only one thing that exists.
Thus the quantum mechanical theory of the GUTs predict the singular nature of the traditional uncreated God of monotheistic religions. Physicist Paul Davies makes this point quite eloquently in his book Superforce : Two new conceptual schemes are currently forcing the pace. One goes under the name of grand unified theories, or GUTs. The other is called supersymmetry. Together these investigations point towards a compelling idea, that all nature is ultimately controlled by the activities of a singe superforce.
The superforce would have the power to bring the universe into being and to furnish it with light, energy, matter and structure. But the superforce would amount to more than just a creative agency. It would represent an amalgamation of matter, spacetime, and force into an integrated and harmonious framework that bestows upon the universe a hitherto unsuspected unity. There are many similarities between the state of matter, space and time at the singularity revealed by the equations of science, and the description of the traditional God of religion. If we associate the creative God of monotheistic religion with the singularity at the beginning of time then all of creation is directly descended from this awesome Divine essence.
The details of the GUTs give a plausible explanation of the mechanism by which God expresses a multiplicity while retaining His unity. This direct relationship between the Divine essence at the beginning of time and the physical universe as we experience it in the current epoch sanctifies all of creation including man. This vision reveals a direct link between the consciousness of I in man and the universal I AM of God. This is one important meaning for the two scriptures: Gen 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. and Exo 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
Many scientists are not happy about the possibility of a singularity at the beginning of time. They are afraid that the presence of infinite values predicted by the equations mark the end of rational forecast and the beginning of metaphysical interpretation. Indeed this is the case but it is the equations themselves that suggest this situation. In fact the infinities are related to the foundations of mathematics and could have been foreseen even before mathematics was applied to a description of the physical world. There are many situations in mathematics where paradox appears as a natural consequence of logical deduction. The most profound and disturbing is the case of division by zero.
This case has traditionally been glibly dealt with by mathematicians by declaring it as an undefined or illegal operation. The other case, which in my experience has never been commented upon, is the definition of a geometric line. It is said to consist of an infinity of points each with zero dimension. It seems hypocritical for scientists to rely on mathematics only as long as the equations display answers that fit into their personal ideas of what is. If we are to believe in mathematics we must be prepared to accept the entire spectrum of predicted possibilities.
It is entirely possible that the infinite results predicted by the cosmological equations at time zero are real. Regardless, the important result of the GUTs related to TAM is not dependent on the appearance of a singularity. According to the theory unification occurs at a finite temperature and a scale greater than zero. Even so, unification has its own physical parameters that suggest metaphysical interpretation. For example even though the temperature at unification is finite what can it mean for matter to have tempe …